What is Abhayarishta?
Abhayarishta, often referred to as Abhayarishtam, is an effective ayurvedic concoction used to improve digestion and help to treat flatulence, anorexia, piles, constipation, loss of appetite, dysuria, and anal fistula. It is the fermented herbal syrup of the herb Abhaya, (also known as Haritaki), which is an excellent laxative and stimulates proper digestion.
Abhayarishta is an Arishta made by anaerobically fermenting the decoctions of parts of plants like Haritaki, Amalaki, Vidanga, Pippali, etc. with jaggery solution for a specific period. In this process, ethanol is also produced which in turn works as a preservative.
According to Ayurveda, the laxative (rechana) property of Abhayarishta helps in providing relief from constipation and reducing the symptoms of anal fistula. It has digestive (pachan) and appetizer (deepan) properties, that provide relief from digestive problems like bloating, anorexia, flatulence, and thirst.
Additionally, its Vata-balancing properties encourage the digestive fire (Pachakagni), which helps in the management of anorectal diseases like piles.
If taken in the recommended dose, it is generally well tolerated and does not cause any side effects. But you should consult a doctor before using Abhayarishta syrup.
Abhayarishta’s Effect On Doshas
According to Ayurveda, the herbal constituents of the Abhayarishtam help in balancing the Tridoshas, (i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha) and remove Ama (harmful toxins) from the body.
|Balances||Vata, Pitta, and Kapha|
What Are The Uses and Health Benefits Of Abhayarishta?
Uses and Health Benefits Of Abhayarishta are:
1) Abhayarishta Benefits for Constipation
Constipation is a condition in which you may experience dry and hard stools. This is a common condition and can affect individuals of any age.
According to Ayurveda, constipation is the result of an imbalance between the Vata and Pitta doshas. These doshas get aggravated by many constipation-causing factors, like
- Excessive consumption of tea or coffee
- Sleeping late at night
Abhayarishta helps to balance Vata and Pitta, thus Ayurveda strongly recommends its use in treating constipation.
Also, it helps to expel waste products from the large intestine by
- Increasing secretion of bile by the liver, which in turn, acts on the peristalsis movement of the intestines
- Helping minimize mucous and excess fat content in the stools, which prevents the stool from sticking to the intestinal walls
How to Use Abhayarishta For Getting Relief from Constipation?
For treating constipation, mix 15-20ml of Abhayarishta with an equal amount of water, and consume it twice a day, ideally after meals. According to your condition, you can also consume it only once at night.
2) Benefits of Abhayarishta for Piles
Piles (or Hemorrhoids) are swollen and inflamed blood vessels inside or around the anus. Symptoms of piles may include:
- Painful lump in or around the anus
- Itching or irritation in your anal region
- Bloody stools
- Discomfort during and after passing stools
It is referred to as Arsh in Ayurveda. A sedentary lifestyle and an unhealthy diet can cause piles. These may lead to an imbalance of all three doshas, particularly Vata. This exacerbated Vata causes decreased digestive fire (Pachakagni) resulting in constipation. This causes swelling and inflammation in the veins of the rectum region.
Due to its Vata-balancing and laxative (rechak) properties, Abhayarishta syrup helps in treating piles by stimulating digestive fire and relieving constipation.
Abhayarishta softens the stool and aids the easy passage of the stool from the intestines. It lessens the strain on the lower portion of the intestines and improves the strength of the intestines.
It also helps to soothe the symptoms of piles by improving the elasticity of the perianal area (1).
3) Abhayarishtam Promotes Digestion
Abhayarishta syrup is a very potent digestive stimulant. It
- Stimulates the release of digestive fluids, and
- Helps in the breakdown of food particles in the stomach and intestine
- Enhances the absorption of nutrients through the intestines and gut digestion
Thus, it promotes digestion and helps in the
- Elimination of stomach gas
- Reduces bloating, abdominal distension, and gaseous cramps
Heartburn, Esophagitis, flatulence, peptic ulcer, diarrhea, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are among the various gastrointestinal problems for which it is a highly effective treatment.
4) Abhayarishtam Helps to Cure Loss of Appetite
Loss of Appetite (or anorexia) is a condition in which there is little or no desire to eat. According to Ayurveda, a low digestive fire (Mand Pachakagni) in the body may lead to indigestion, causing the creation of Ama (which is toxic remains in the body due to improper digestion). This may result in loss of appetite, and in Ayurveda, it is known as Aruchi.
Abhayarishta helps in curing loss of appetite, gas, thirst, and bloating; due to the result of its digestive (Pachan) and appetizer (Deepan) properties.
5) Abhayarishta Benefits in Treating Ascites
This herbal syrup is very beneficial for addressing the underlying causes of ascites. Abhayarishta decreases the risk of liver cirrhosis (which can lead to ascites), by
- Protecting the liver from the damage caused by excessive alcohol consumption
- Controlling the formation of fatty liver
- Inhibiting constriction of the blood vessels in the abdomen
Its anti-microbial and anti-oxidant properties also aid in the treatment of
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Abdominal hepatitis, and
- Liver damage is caused by the accumulation of toxins in the body
6) Abhayarishta Provides Relief in Anal Fistula
An anal fistula (or fistula-in-Ano) is a small tunnel that develops between an infected gland within the anus and an opening on the skin around the anus. This condition may cause symptoms such as
- Pain and swelling around the anus
- Pus drainage near the anal opening
- Pain with bowel movements
In Ayurveda, it is known by the name of Bhagandara.
As the name implies, Bhagandara is made of two Sanskrit words, Bhaga and Darana. In the Sanskrit language, Bhaga means the region between the anus and the genitalia (or perineum), and Darana means to rip apart. Therefore, Bhagandara refers to a cut or tear in the perineal or perianal region.
Digestive issues such as persistent constipation may lead to complications like fistula-in-Ano.
The laxative (rechana) property of Abhyarishta assists in the management of constipation and provides relief in symptoms of anal fistula.
7) Abhayarishta Helps in Preventing Urinary Disorders
Abhayarishta syrup’s effective anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties prevent bacterial infections and lower inflammation of the urinary tract.
Urinary incontinence, painful urination, and renal stones are effectively prevented and treated by this herbal syrup.
What Are The Side Effects Of Abhayarishta?
The Abhayarishta syrup is a panacea for a variety of diseases. No side effects of this syrup have been reported in the ayurvedic literature. But, you should always consult an ayurvedic doctor before using Abhayarishta and consume it in prescribed doses.
Consuming Abhayarishtam in large doses than prescribed may cause some side effects.
Side Effects of Consuming Abhayarishtam in Large Doses for Children Above 3 Years
However, in lower doses, it is safer for children older than 3 years, but its consumption in larger doses may cause certain adverse effects such as
- Stomach pain
Side Effects of Consuming Abhayarishtam In Pregnant Women
It is particularly prohibited for pregnant women due to the presence of Indravaruni, which may cause uterine contractions and can result in an abortion.
Side Effects of Consuming Abhayarishtam In Diabetic patients
Diabetic patients should consult their doctor before consuming Abhayarishta, as this syrup contains jaggery as an ingredient that may affect their blood sugar levels.
What Are The Ingredients of Abhayarishta?
Following are the Kwath Dravya (Decoction herbs) required for Making Abhayarishta
|Ingredients||Scientific Name||The quantity used for making the decoction|
|Haritaki (or Abahya)- fruit rind||Terminalia chebula||4.8 kg|
|Mridvika (or grapes)||Vitis vinifera||2.4 kg|
|Vidanga||Embelia Ribes||480 grams|
|Madhuka pushpa||Madhuca Indica||480 grams|
Sandhana Dravya (Fermentative agents)
|Jaggery (Gur)||4.8 kg|
Prakshepaka Dravyas (Aromatic herbs)
|Dhataki||Woodfordia fruticosa||96 grams|
|Mocharasa||Salmalia malabarica||96 grams|
|Gokshura||Tribulus Terrestris||96 grams|
|Indravaruni (or bitter apple)||Citrullus colocynthis||96 grams|
|Dhanyaka (dhania, or coriander)||Coriandrum sativum||96 grams|
|Saunf||Foeniculum vulgare||96 grams|
|Danti||Baliospermum montanum||96 grams|
|Chavya (or Gaja pippali, or long pepper)||Piper retrofractum||96 grams|
|Trivrit||Operculina turpethum||96 grams|
|Sonth (or dry ginger)||Zingiber officinale||96 grams|
Therapeutic Benefits of the Ingredients of Abhayarishta
Here I am explaining to you the therapeutic benefits of the ingredients of Abhayarishtam
1) Haritaki (Abhaya)
Haritaki (Abhaya) is a very useful herb that is used for
- Enhancing the body’s healing capabilities
- Treating diabetes
- Promoting digestion,
- Alleviating constipation
- Treating sore throat and lung infections
Mridvika (or grapes) is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, and fiber. It is beneficial for the
- Managing asthma
- Treating heart diseases
- Curing eye issues
- Preventing cancer
Vidanga is used to cure asthma, diabetes, TB (tuberculosis), piles, leprosy, bug bites, etc. because of its antioxidant, diuretic, wound-healing, anti-diabetic, and anti-microbial properties.
4) Madhuka Pushpa
Madhuka Pushpa is an extremely beneficial herb that is used in the treatment of various conditions like:
- Rheumatic conditions
- Skin problems like eczema.
5) Jaggery (Gur)
The addition of jaggery to this formulation
- Imparts a sweet flavor to the syrup
- Facilitates the fermentation process
Gokshura is particularly beneficial for
- Treating hypertension
- Reducing triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the blood
Its aphrodisiac property improves male endurance by boosting testosterone levels in the blood.
Dhataki is a herb with significant medicinal properties. Its immune-modulatory effect enhances the immune system and promotes general health. It is useful in the treatment of
- Skin infections
The fruit of Indravaruni has carminative, purgative, antipyretic, and anthelmintic properties. It is very beneficial in the treatment of:
- Joint pain
- Skin infections like pimples
Dhanyaka (also known as dhania), is extensively used to treat gastrointestinal conditions such as
- Intestinal gas
- Bowel spasms
Also, it is beneficial for the treatment of joint pains, piles, toothaches, hernia, and various skin infections.
Danti’s antipyretic and analgesic properties reduce fever and alleviate pain. It is also useful in the treatment of:
- Abdominal distension
The gum exudate extracted from the shalmoli tree is known as Mocharasa.
- Stops excessive bleeding
- Is a natural blood purifier
- Increases the quality and quantity of blood circulating in the body
It is helpful in curing several bleeding conditions such as hemoptysis, menorrhagia, and bloody dysentery. Also, it helps in healing wounds and curing skin infections.
Saunf, also known as Fennel, has anti-flatulent, antispasmodic, and carminative properties. It is used to treat various conditions, such as
- Digestive disorders
- Lung diseases
- Gum diseases (like gingivitis)
- Heart diseases
- Urinary diseases
It also helps to enhance men’s and women’s reproductive health.
Dried ginger or Sonth is extensively used in Ayurveda for
- Improving digestion
- Getting relief from abdominal gas, constipation, and abdominal distension
- Treating ailments like cough, cold, asthma
Chavya, also known as long pepper, provides relief from constipation, promotes digestion, and is used in curing worm infestation. It is also used in treating
- Abdominal pain or distension
Trivrit stimulates wound healing, cures worm infestation, and aids in weight reduction. Its purgative properties also help in providing relief from:
- Other Abdominal problems
What Is The Method of Preparation (Making) Of Abhayarishta?
Kwath dravya (Decoction herbs) to be used for making a decoction, are washed and dried in the sun.
These herbs are then powdered and sieved to remove impurities.
On the hand, the aromatic herbs are also cleaned, dried, powdered, sieved, and kept in another container.
The decoction herbs (i.e. Haritaki, Mridvika, Vidanga, and Madhuka Pushpa) are then immersed in 49.152 liters of water and allowed to soak overnight.
In the morning, the decoction herbs soaked in water are then heated on a low flame, and when its quantity is reduced to ¼ (i.e. 12.288 liters), it is passed through a muslin cloth to remove impurities.
When this decoction cools down, add 4.8 kg of jaggery and stir it properly.
After this, pour the decoction into a wide-mouthed vessel, and add all the ten powdered aromatic herbs (each in the quantity of 96 grams) to this decoction.
Now, mix this mixture well and seal the opening of the container.
Keep this container in a dry, ventilated, and shady place for 1 month and allow it to ferment.
After one month remove this container from that place and filter the fermented liquid through a muslin cloth to remove solid particles and impurities.
The liquid part you get after sieving is Abhayarishta, which is then stored in glass jars or food-grade plastic bottles.
What is the Dosage Of Abhayarishta?
The recommended effective dosage of Abhayarishta is 15 to 20 ml mixed with an equal amount of water.
Abhayarishtam should be consumed after meals in the morning and evening i.e. twice a day. You can also take this syrup only one time at night before sleeping.
Depending on the patient’s age, condition, and severity, the therapeutic dosage may vary from person to person. You must consult with an ayurvedic doctor before consuming this syrup because he or she will properly analyze your condition and will prescribe you the exact dosage for the required time.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can a diabetic person take Abhayarishtam syrup?
Diabetic people should consume Abhayarishta only after consulting a doctor, as it contains Jaggery (Gur) as an ingredient that may affect their sugar levels.
Can Abhayarishtam be addictive?
No, it is not addictive.
Does Abhayarishtam contain sugar?
Yes, it contains sugar (in the form of jaggery).
Can Abhayarishtam be consumed before or after meals?
It is advisable to consume this syrup after meals with water.
Can I take Abhayarishta syrup daily?
This syrup should be taken in the dose and duration as prescribed by your doctor.
1) Chemical changes during fermentation of Abhayarishta and its standardization by HPLC-DAD
This article is intended for informational purposes only. Any information associated with this article should not be considered as a substitute for prescriptions suggested by local health care professionals.